Planning a Vacation to a Far Away Oasis?

 

Have you ever gone on vacation where you saw some of the most exhilerating dances performed and thought to yourself, “Next time, that’s going to be me!” or “I wish I could do that?” Well this summer is your summer! Arthur Murray specializes in teaching you those very dances you will be witnessing on your vacations. Salsa, Merengue, Tango, Cha Cha, and many more. It’s time to learn the basics, that way when the music is playing, you can get up and dance along! Some places even offer small group classes you can join in on, why not be prepared and have the ability to stand out in those classes!?

 

Interested in Lessons?

Call Arthur Murray Etobicoke Today!!!!

416-239-8149

Dancing Makes You Smarter

Dancing Makes You Smarter

For centuries, dance manuals and other writings have lauded the health benefits of dancing, usually as physical exercise.  More recently we’ve seen research on further health benefits of dancing, such as stress reduction and increased serotonin level, with its sense of well-being.

Most recently we’ve heard of another benefit:  Frequent dancing apparently makes us smarter.

A major study added to the growing evidence that stimulating one’s mind by dancing can ward off Alzheimer’s disease and other dementia, much as physical exercise can keep the body fit.  Dancing also increases cognitive acuity at all ages.

You may have heard about the New England Journal of Medicine report on the effects of recreational activities on mental acuity in aging.   Here it is in a nutshell.

The 21-year study of senior citizens, 75 and older, was led by the Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York City, funded by the National Institute on Aging, and published in the New England Journal of Medicine.  Their method for objectively measuring mental acuity in aging was to monitor rates of dementia, including Alzheimer’s disease.

The study wanted to see if any physical or cognitive recreational activities influenced mental acuity.  They discovered that some activities had a significant beneficial effect.  Other activities had none.

They studied cognitive activities such as reading books, writing for pleasure, doing crossword puzzles, playing cards and playing musical instruments.  And they studied physical activities like playing tennis or golf, swimming, bicycling, dancing, walking for exercise and doing housework.

One of the surprises of the study was that almost none of the physical activities appeared to offer any protection against dementia.  There can be cardiovascular benefits of course, but the focus of this study was the mind.

There was one important exception:  the only physical activity to offer protection against dementia was frequent dancing.

Reading – 35% reduced risk of dementia

Bicycling and swimming – 0%

Doing crossword puzzles at least four days a week – 47%

Playing golf – 0%

Dancing frequently – 76%.   That was the greatest risk reduction of any activity studied, cognitive or physical.

            Neuroplasticity

What could cause these significant cognitive benefits?

In this study, neurologist Dr. Robert Katzman proposed these persons are more resistant to the effects of dementia as a result of having greater cognitive reserve and increased complexity of neuronal synapses.  Like education, participation in mentally engaging activities lowers the risk of dementia by improving these neural qualities.

As Harvard Medical School psychiatrist Dr. Joseph Coyle explains in an accompanying commentary:  “The cerebral cortex and hippocampus, which are critical to these activities, are remarkably plastic, and they rewire themselves based upon their use.”

Our brain constantly rewires its neural pathways, as needed.  If it doesn’t need to, then it won’t.

            Aging and memory

When brain cells die and synapses weaken with aging, our nouns go first, like names of people, because there’s only one neural pathway connecting to that stored information.  If the single neural connection to that name fades, we lose access to it.  As people age, some of them learn to parallel process, to come up with synonyms to go around these roadblocks.

The key here is Dr. Katzman’s emphasis on the complexity of our neuronal synapses.  More is better.  Do whatever you can to create new neural paths.  The opposite of this is taking the same old well-worn path over and over again, with habitual patterns of thinking and living.

When I was studying the creative process as a grad student at Stanford, I came across the perfect analogy to this:

The more stepping stones there are across the creek,
the easier it is to cross in your own style.

The focus of that aphorism was creative thinking, to find as many alternative paths as possible to a creative solution.  But as we age, parallel processing becomes more critical.  Now it’s no longer a matter of style, it’s a matter of survival — getting across the creek at all.  Randomly dying brain cells are like stepping stones being removed one by one.  Those who had only one well-worn path of stones are completely blocked when some are removed.  But those who spent their lives trying different mental routes each time, creating a myriad of possible paths, still have several paths left.

As the study shows, we need to keep as many of those paths active as we can, while also generating new paths, to maintain the complexity of our neuronal connections.

In other words: Intelligence — use it or lose it.

            Intelligence

What exactly do we mean by “intelligence”?

You’ll probably agree that intelligence isn’t just a numerical measurement, with a number of 100 plus or minus assigned to it.  But what is it?

To answer this question, we go back to the most elemental questions possible.  Why do animals have a brain?  To survive?  No, plants don’t have a brain and they survive.  To live longer?  No, many trees outlive us.

As neuroscience educator Robert Sylwester notes, mobility is central to everything that is cognitive, whether it is physical motion or the mental movement of information.  Plants have to endure whatever comes along, including predators eating them.  Animals, on the other hand, can travel to seek food, shelter, mates, and to move away from unfavorable conditions.  Since we can move, we need a cognitive system that can comprehend sensory input and intelligently make choices.

Semantics will differ for each of us, but according to many, if the stimulus-response relationship of a situation is automatic, we don’t think of the response as requiring our intelligence.  We don’t use the word “intelligent” to describe a banana slug, even though it has a rudimentary brain.  But when the brain evaluates several viable responses and chooses one (a real choice, not just following habits), the cognitive process is considered to be intelligent.

As Jean Piaget put it, intelligence is what we use when we don’t already know what to do.

            Why dancing?

We immediately ask two questions:

  • Why is dancing better than other activities for improving mental capabilities?
  • Does this mean all kinds of dancing, or is one kind of dancing better than another?

    That’s where this particular study falls short.  It doesn’t answer these questions as a stand-alone study.  Fortunately, it isn’t a stand-alone study.  It’s one of many studies, over decades, which have shown that we increase our mental capacity by exercising our cognitive processes.  Intelligence: Use it or lose it.  And it’s the other studies which fill in the gaps in this one.  Looking at all of these studies together lets us understand the bigger picture.

    The essence of intelligence is making decisions.  The best advice, when it comes to improving your mental acuity, is to involve yourself in activities which require split-second rapid-fire decision making, as opposed to rote memory (retracing the same well-worn paths), or just working on your physical style.

    One way to do that is to learn something new.  Not just dancing, but anything new.  Don’t worry about the probability that you’ll never use it in the future.  Take a class to challenge your mind.  It will stimulate the connectivity of your brain by generating the need for new pathways.  Difficult classes are better for you, as they will create a greater need for new neural pathways.

    Then take a dance class, which can be even more effective.  Dancing integrates several brain functions at once — kinesthetic, rational, musical, and emotional — further increasing your neural connectivity.

                What kind of dancing?

    Do all kinds of dancing lead to increased mental acuity?  No, not all forms of dancing will produce the same benefit, especially if they only work on style, or merely retrace the same memorized paths.  Making as many split-second decisions as possible is the key to maintaining our cognitive abilities.  Remember: intelligence is what we use when we don’t already know what to do.

    We wish that 25 years ago the Albert Einstein College of Medicine thought of doing side-by-side comparisons of different kinds of dancing, to find out which was better.  But we can figure it out by looking at who they studied: senior citizens 75 and older, beginning in 1980.  Those who danced in that particular population were former Roaring Twenties dancers (back in 1980) and then former Swing Era dancers (today), so the kind of dancing most of them continued to do in retirement was what they began when they were young: freestyle social dancing — basic foxtrot, swing, waltz and maybe some Latin.

    I’ve been watching senior citizens dance all of my life, from my parents (who met at a Tommy Dorsey dance), to retirement communities, to the Roseland Ballroom in New York.  I almost never see memorized sequences or patterns on the dance floor.  I mostly see easygoing, fairly simple social dancing — freestyle lead and follow.   But freestyle social dancing isn’t that simple!  It requires a lot of split-second decision-making, in both the Lead and Follow roles.

    At this point, I want to clarify that I’m not demonizing memorized sequence dancing or style-focused pattern-based ballroom dancing.  I sometimes enjoy sequence dances myself, and there are stress-reduction benefits of any kind of dancing, cardiovascular benefits of physical exercise, and even further benefits of feeling connected to a community of dancers.  So all dancing is good.

    But when it comes to preserving (and improving) our mental acuity, then some forms are significantly better than others.  While all dancing requires some intelligence, I encourage you to use your full intelligence when dancing, in both the Lead and Follow roles.  The more decision-making we can bring into our dancing, the better.

                Who benefits more, women or men?

    In social dancing, the Follow role automatically gains a benefit, by making hundreds of split-second decisions as to what to do next, sometimes unconsciously so.  As I mentioned on this page, women don’t “follow”, they interpret the signals their partners are giving them, and this requires intelligence and decision-making, which is active, not passive.

    This benefit is greatly enhanced by dancing with different partners, not always with the same fellow.  With different dance partners, you have to adjust much more and be aware of more variables.  This is great for staying smarter longer.

    But men, you can also match her degree of decision-making if you choose to do so.

    Here’s how:

    1) Really pay attention to your partner and what works best for her.  Notice what is comfortable for her, where she is already going, which signals are successful with her and which aren’t, and constantly adapt your dancing to these observations.  That’s rapid-fire split-second decision making.

    2) Don’t lead the same old patterns the same way each time.  Challenge yourself to try new things.  Make more decisions more often.  Intelligence: use it or lose it.

    The huge side-benefit is that your partners will have much more fun dancing with you when you are attentive to their dancing and constantly adjusting for their comfort and continuity of motion.  And as a result, you’ll have more fun too.

                Full engagement

    Those who fully utilize their intelligence in dancing, at all levels, love the way it feels.  Spontaneous leading and following both involve entering a flow state.  Both leading and following benefit from a highly active attention to possibilities.

    That’s the most succinct definition I know for intelligent dancing: a highly active attention to possibilities.  And I think it’s wonderful that both the Lead and Follow role share that same ideal.

    The best Leads appreciate the many options that the Follow must consider every second, and respect and appreciate the Follow’s input into the collaboration of partner dancing.  The Follow is finely attuned to the here-and-now in relaxed responsiveness, and so is the Lead.

    Once this highly active attention to possibilities, flexibility, and alert tranquility are perfected in the art of dance partnering, dancers find it even more beneficial in their other relationships, and in everyday life.

                Dance often

    The study made another important suggestion: do it often.  Seniors who did crossword puzzles four days a week had a measurably lower risk of dementia than those who did the puzzles once a week.  If you can’t take classes or go out dancing four times a week, then dance as much as you can.  More is better.

    And do it now, the sooner the better.  It’s essential to start building your cognitive reserve now.  Some day you’ll need as many of those stepping stones across the creek as possible.  Don’t wait — start building them now.

Inspirational Dance Quotes

Sometimes taking your first step out onto the dance floor is the hardest step. Here is a little inspiration to get you off the sidelines and onto the dance floor.

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“We should consider every day lost on which we have not danced at least once.”

-Friedrich Nietzsche

 

“Nobody cares if you can’t dance well. Just get up and dance. Great dancers are great because of their passion.”

-Martha Graham

“We’re fools whether we dance or not, so we might as well dance.”

 – Japanese Proverb

 

“There are short-cuts to happiness, and dancing is one of them. “

-Vicki Baum

 

“Life is short and there will always be dirty dishes, so let’s dance.”

- James Howe

 

I do not try to dance better than anyone else. I only try to dance better than myself.

- Mikhail Baryshnikov

 

“Dance first. Think later. It’s the natural order.”

- Samuel Beckett

 

“Stifling an urge to dance is bad for your health — it rusts your spirit and your hips.”

- Terri Guillemets

 

Dance is bigger than the physical body. When you extend your arm, it doesn’t stop at the end of your fingers, because you’re dancing bigger than that; you’re dancing spirit.

- Judith Jamison

 

“Dance is the hidden language of the soul”

- Martha Graham

 

“To dance is to be out of yourself. Larger, more beautiful, more powerful.. This is power, it is glory on earth and it is yours for the taking”

- Agnes De Mille

 

Never give a sword to a man who can’t dance.

- Confucius

The dance can reveal everything mysterious that is hidden in music, and it has the additional merit of being human and palpable. Dancing is poetry with arms and legs.

- Charles Baudelaire

 

People dance at any age.

- Mikhail Baryshnikov

 

“The one thing that can solve most of our problems is dancing. Any problem in the world can be solved by dancing.”

 – James Brown

 

“If you can walk you can dance.”

- Zimbabwe proverb

Dancing is Good for your Muscles!

 

Dancing is a fun and social way of getting regular exercise, but it’s also terrific at toning up your muscles and trimming down the fat. Each style benefits a different set of muscles, so why not try each one in turn, and watch your whole body tone up.

Swing into action

Any of the swing-based dances – Lindy Hop, Charleston or Jive – are performed from a low position, with the legs bent and the weight forward on the balls of your feet. To master this technique requires great strength in the calves, thighs and glutes, as well as a solid core to keep your balance.

Waltz away your waist

The slower, more elegant ballroom dances, such as the Waltz, are perfect for your posture, requiring a straight back and long neck at all times. Maintaining the correct distance away from your partner at both the waist and chest takes unparalleled core stability, giving you abs to die for. An additional benefit of a toned tummy is that it will in turn strengthen your weight-bearing bones, which can help prevent osteoporosis as you get older.

Think Latin

Fast dances, such as the Salsa and Cha Cha, help with one of the biggest muscles: your memory. Not only do you need precise movement from the hips and feet, but you also need it in double-quick time. You cannot fail to improve your brainpower and co-ordination as you master these steps, as well as getting lean, lithe legs.

Strike a pose

If you are looking to lose the bingo wings, try something dramatic and emotionally charged like the Tango or Flamenco, where you use your arms as well as your legs to convey the passion of the dance. Be warned, you might get more than a little hot under the collar.

Look after yourself

As you lose weight and gain definition, it is important to look after your muscles; warm up with a minute of Jumping Jacks and then spend five minutes stretching all your muscles to preserve their flexibility. By strengthening your muscles, you will also help keep your joints in good shape, setting you in good stead to still be swinging well into your seventies.

Come down to Arthur Murray to find out which set of muscles you fancy dancing to define.

 

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